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24
    12


     

    ?

         , : API ACEA, ; SAE, .

     

    SAE

    ( ). SAE3000.

    6 (0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W) (20, 30, 40, 50 60). W, Winter . , , , . , , 100 150.

    , SAE J300, , , .

    ,

    , SAE . , , , , , ( , , ..)

    , . , , . ( )

     

     

    • 25% ( ) SAE 5W30 10W30 ;
    • 25-75% ( ) SAE 10W40, 15W40, 5W30 10W30 SAE 5W40;
    • 75% ( ) SAE 15W40 20W40, SAE 5W40 SAE 10W40, SAE 5W40.

    API S ( )

    API ( )

     

    API

    (API) 1947 .

    , S ѻ . S (Service) 4- , ѻ (Commercial) , , - .

    API S (SA, SB, SC, SD, SE, SF, SG, SH SJ), ѻ (CA, CB, CC, CD, CD-II, CE, CF, CF-2, CF-4 CG-4). (CD-II, CF-2, CF-4 CG-4) 2- 4- . , .. , , , SF/CC, SG/CD, SJ/SF-4 ..

     

    ACEA

    (ACEA) 1996 . , , - API, SAE ASTM.

    1 1999. ACEA-98. 1 2000. ACEA-96. ACEA-98.

    ACEA-98 API

    BMW, DAF, Ford of Europe, General Motors Europe, MAN, Mercedes-Benz, Peugeot, Porsche, Renault, Rolls Royce, Rover, Saab-Scania, Volksvagen, Volvo, FIAT .

    -98 3 ( ) , :

    • 1, 2, 3
    • 1, 2, 3 4
    • - 1, 2, 3 4 .

    . .

    , BMW, VW, Porsche . MAN, Volvo, Scania . Mercedes-Benz, 10 , , .

    BMW ( ).

    Porshe ( ), Porshe 20 000 .

    Mercedes-Benz (MB) MB 226.0 , MB 226.1 , MB 226.3 , MB 226.5 , MB 229.1 1997 ( 30 000 ).

    Volkswagen Audi (VW) VW 500.00 , VW 501.01 . VW 505.00 , VW T 4 ( ).

    . , . .

     

    , , . , , . , (Society of Automotive Engineers SAE). , , 5W-40, 10W-40 . ?

    W (Winter ) , . , , . . , ( 40 ). , , () , ( 100 ).

    , , . , , . (, ).

    . , , , 10W-40 , 15W-40. , : 5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-40. , 100- 10W-40, 10W-60, 15W-50, 15W-60 20W-60. , , 10W-30. , . , , .

    API .

    API, . , , . .

    API ( S) ( C). , , .

    . CF. , , .

    , , . SF SG, . SF , 1980 1989 ., SG 1989 93 . , . , , SG. SH , 1994 , . 90- . SH .

    , SJ, 1996 , SH. , . 90- . . , SL, 2001 . , SL , ( ).

    .

    ACEA ( ). . . ACEA, . . , . ? HT/HS (High temperature/High shear viscosity) . 150 (HT/HS > 3,5 ), , . (HT/HS 2,9 3,5 ), , . . , , , .

    . . . . . , - ! , BMW Mercedes-Benz . , . , . , . , . . 1, 5, 1, 5 . (2, 3, 2, 3, 4) . , , .

    .

    . , API , SH, ACEA 1 5, SJ. , 5, API SL, . : , API, .

    . 1, 1, 5 5 30 (, 5W-30, 10W-30 . .). 40 (, 5W-40, 15W-50) 2, 3, 2, 3, 4, .

    (Viscosity) . - , . : .

    S C . , , SJ/CF, , , . CF/SJ, , .

    .

    . (70- 80- ) SAE 15W-40, API SF/CD SG/CD, 2/2. 90-, SAE 15W-40 10W-40, API SH/CF SJ/CF, 3/3. : SAE 5W-40 0W-40, API SL/CF, 3/3/B4. , . . , , , . , , .

    ACEA : ; (Light Duty), ; (Heavy Duty).

     

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